AHL: 75 Years of Identity Issues

Over the past two weekends, the AHL has been celebrating its 75th anniversary by calling on its six oldest teams — sort of — to sport special throwback uniforms. Some for the better, others not so much. 

For those of you that enjoy Icethetics history lessons, boy do I have a doozy, but first let's review what these six teams looked like in their retro threads.

Springfield Indians vs Providence Reds

Why is it the Peoria Rivermen should've played as the Indians, instead of the Springfield Falcons? And do the Connecticut Whale really have a better claim to the Reds than the Providence Bruins?

Syracuse Stars vs Cleveland Barons

Plus, are the Buffalo Sabres responsible for killing the Syracuse Stars? And are the Worcester Sharks more worthy of skating as the Barons than the Lake Erie Monsters?

Hershey Bears vs Rochester Americans

And finally, two teams just the same as they've ever been for more than a half-century. What more could you need to know?

All of these questions will be answered. It's time for that history lesson.

When the AHL was formed in 1936, known then as the International-American Hockey League, eight cities were represented, six of which have teams today that took part in the anniversary festivities: Springfield, Providence, Syracuse and Cleveland. Hershey and Rochester joined later but most of the other teams are suffering through an identity crisis of some kind. Let's break this down.

Springfield Falcons

The Springfield Falcons were founded in 1994 so they certainly aren't among the AHL's oldest franchises. But last weekend, they played as the Springfield Indians, who were. In fact, the current Falcons team has no ties to that original franchise, which now exists as the Peoria Rivermen. So how did that happen?


The city of Springfield, Mass. has had pro hockey since before the AHL formed. The Springfield Indians were founded in 1926 and played in the Can-Am, or Canadian-American Hockey League, under that name until 1951 when they were renamed the Warriors. That lasted only three years before the club reverted to Indians moniker.

In 1967, the name was changed again, this time to the Springfield Kings. But a classic name dies hard and this time seven years passed before the Indians name was brought back once more. Then finally, in 1994 the franchise was relocated to Worcester, Mass. and dubbed the IceCats. Because it was the '90s and minor league teams did that sort of thing. Not willing to go down without a fight, ex-Indian players were granted a new franchise, now named the Falcons.

The IceCats moved to Peoria, Ill. in 2005 and so goes the story of the Indians franchise. However, the league couldn't very well dress the Rivermen in their old Indians uniforms while hockey was still going strong in Springfield. So the Falcons paid tribute to their city's past in style.

Providence Bruins

The Providence Bruins franchise was founded in 1987 but has only been playing in Rhode Island since 1992. Again, it's definitely not one of the league's original teams. Actually, just like Springfield, this city had pro hockey long before the AHL in the form of the Providence Reds, who are now about to become the Connecticut Whale. What?


Just like Springfield's story, it all began in 1926 in the Can-Am. The Providence Reds were one of the eight teams that joined the new International-American Hockey League in 1936. They were successful and stuck around a long time. But when they affiliated with the New York Rangers in 1972, things were changing. And it started with a new arena.

Then in 1976, the team name was changed to Rhode Island Reds. But that would be the team's final season in the Union's smallest state. When the North American Hockey League folded in 1977, the owners of a Binghamton, N.Y.-based franchise, called the Broome Dusters (not kidding), bought the Reds and shifted them about 300 miles west and appropriated their own name for the club.

The Binghamton Dusters became the Binghamton Whalers in 1980. Then a decade later, they were named after their NHL affiliate, the Rangers. In 1997, the team became the Hartford Wolf Pack, and later this year, Howard Baldwin will officially rename them the Connecticut Whale. What a lineage. Ouch.

Once again, the Providence Bruins will only wear Reds jerseys as a tribute to their town rather than their own team heritage — a team which began life in 1987 as the second incarnation of the Maine Mariners and relocated in 1992.

Syracuse Crunch

The identity crises don't end in Providence. The Syracuse Crunch is a franchise only slightly older than the Falcons, having been established in 1992. And would you believe this? The team once known as the Syracuse Stars was actually killed by the Buffalo Sabres in 1970.


The Stars' story is long, but not all that complicated. Founded in 1930 as a member of the International Hockey League, the team from Syracuse, N.Y. hooked up with the I-AHL in 1936. By 1940, they were on the move, however, to Buffalo. Renamed the Bisons, the new team was a replacement for the club of the same name which disbanded in 1936 when its arena collapsed.

The Buffalo Bisons were effectively sent to slaughter in 1970 at the announcement of the Buffalo Sabres NHL franchise. They vacated the Memorial Auditorium for the new major league team and that's the end of their story.

Meanwhile, the Syracuse Crunch were founded as the Hamilton Canucks in 1992. After just two seasons in Ontario, the club relocated to New York. Just like the Falcons and Bruins, they don Stars attire not as a tribute to their own past but to their city's and that of the AHL.

Lake Erie Monsters

Once again, we have a club still in its teens masquerading as one of hockey's oldest. The Lake Erie Monsters franchise was founded in 1994 but only moved to Cleveland, Ohio in 2007. The actual Cleveland Barons were founded in 1929 and the lineage of that name can be quite confusing as you're about to learn.


The Cleveland Indians were a member of the International Hockey League from 1929 until 1936. However, they were known as the Cleveland Falcons for the last two years in the IHL and in their first season as a charter member of the I-AHL.

The following season, in 1937, the Cleveland Barons were born. And that's where things get interesting. Everything was fine until 1972 when the WHA and the Cleveland Crusaders came along. This spelled instant death for the minor league franchise, which was forced to relocate midway through the 1972-73 season. Unfortunately, they moved to Jacksonville, Fla. so they only got in one more full season before folding. The bloodline ends there.

As a side note, the Cleveland Barons name was revived in 1976 when the NHL's California Golden Seals relocated to Cleveland, forcing the Crusaders to St. Paul, Minn. But the Barons lasted only two seasons in the NHL before disappearing again. Ironically, the players from the disbanded team went to the Minnesota North Stars.

One more attempt was made to revitalize the Cleveland Barons moniker when the AHL's Kentucky Thoroughblades were bought by the San Jose Sharks in 2001 and relocated. Five years later, the Sharks moved the club to Massachusetts and renamed it after themselves. So technically, the only existing team that came claim the Cleveland Barons name in their heritage is the Worcester Sharks.

Yet the Lake Erie Monsters, founded in 1994 as the Denver Grizzlies, donned Barons duds last weekend. The Grizzlies played in Colorado only one season before the Quebec Nordiques announced they were to move there. So the Grizzlies went to Salt Lake City, Utah for the next 10 years.

The club suspended operations for two years while it looked for a new owner, who would then put the club in the home of the departing Cleveland Barons. By the way, don't confuse these Utah Grizzlies with the ECHL club of the same name. They have a long history of name changes and relocations but actually began life as a charter member of the East Coast Hockey League.

Hershey Bears

At last, a true original AHL franchise. Almost. The Hershey Bears joined the I-AHL in 1938, two years after its founding. End of story, right? Not quite.


The Bears were actually founded in 1932 as the Hershey B'ars. Then it was changed the following season to Hershey Chocolate B'ars in case the original name was too subtle for you. Then back to Hershey B'ars once again in 1934.

The Bears nickname actually came about by way of New York sportswriters who thought the B'ars name was overtly commercial. Gee, you think? In 1936, it stuck. Officially. And though the Hershey Bears have endured minor uniform, logo and color alterations over the last 72 years, the name has remained the same. 

Rochester Americans

The Rochester Americans didn't join the American Hockey League until 1956, but at least they're not masquerading as some other team just to celebrate an anniversary.


Now in their 55th season, the Amerks, like the Bears, have been through logo and uniform changes over the years but have always kept the name. It's refreshing to see that some teams can exist over long periods of time like this. We could all wish for more of them, but that would just make for a much duller history lesson, wouldn't it?

Hope you enjoyed this post, by the way. Spent over two hours working on it this afternoon. But it was rather fascinating.

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Reader Comments (16)

Nice work Chris. Being a Rochester native, I thought I'd offer some more info on their history...

The logo the Amerks is their original logo, 55 years later. (And their original arena, in fact.) The only true logo change was in 1971-72, when, for one season, the then-owner Vancouver Canucks created the hated "A in-the-rink" logo.

The current logo has seen slight changes to the shape and angle of the shield, and placement of the script, but the two elements have always been the primary logo. The "R Americans" and plain shield logos were used on the jersey for the first 25 years, but the official logo was always what it still is today.

As far as the jerseys go, the one worn the past two weekends is the inaugural jersey from 1956-57 (worn both home and away). The alternate jersey introduced this season (with the plain shield) is based on the 1960's look: there was a red counterpart. The script and shield first appeared on the jerseys the year after the "A-logo" was canned. It has remained there to this day, while the current blue and white jerseys have been in use since 1980. With the exception of a few anniversary seasons and the 2-year Reebok Edge experiment, the blue and white looks have remained largely untouched for the last 30 years.

Oct 17 · 4:31 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterAlex

Nice work. Looking all the classic logos and jerseys, one can only hope that Teams will come back to their senses and return to those designs!

Oct 17 · 4:53 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterG-Man

Best Icethetics post I have ever read.

Oct 17 · 5:23 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterGlen

As Seinfeld once asked: "How does one officially become a 'Buff'?" in response to someone being a World War II Buff.

Chris, I officially declare you to be a Jersey Buff. Boast about this title gratuitously in social gatherings.

Oct 17 · 6:08 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterDave Delisle

isnt this like what calgary is doing for the HC. paying tribute to their own city rather than team

Oct 17 · 6:19 PM PDT | Unregistered Commenterst4rr

Absolutley fantastic post. This was greatttt!

Oct 17 · 6:32 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterNick May

~~"The More You Know"~~

Oct 17 · 6:50 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterPeter

I think for a league like the AHL, where teams seem to be eternally transient, it is much more appropriate to celebrate the hockey history of the cities and not the franchises. Providence, Springfield, and Syracuse are all intrinsic to the AHL's past, and that legacy should be embraced by the teams which currently call those markets home.

I do find it totally awesome that the Whale Pack used to actually be Hartford's farm team. That's a good legacy to have and should help Baldwin sell tickets.

Oct 17 · 6:57 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterCale

@ST4RR:Sabres are doing the same thing w/ their third. Vintage pepsi script was Buffalo Bison script

Oct 17 · 7:35 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterBlueshirts95

"So technically, the only existing team that came claim the Cleveland Barons name in their heritage is the Worcester Sharks."
Actually the San Jose Sharks can lay claim to the name too. The Seals moved to Cleveland and then merged with Minnesota. The SJ Sharks were not an expansion team; they were created by splitting the North Stars' shares. Since the North Stars remained intact, the SJ Sharks can be seen as a continuation of the NHL Barons. Kind of ironic that the Seals left the Bay Area for Cleveland only to see that market fold and eventually return ot the Bay Area, huh?
It is pretty amazing that both the NHL & AHL team have a legit claim to the "Barons" name...

Oct 18 · 6:17 AM PDT | Unregistered CommenterAdamEdg

Hey, it's Team Captain America! The vertical stripes on the Amerks look pretty nice, actually. And, they also show us what a red-white-and-blue throwback should look like - the Syracuse Stars jersey in "vintage white" just looks horrific by comparison.

As for Springfield, I don't know... is that supposed to be like the Blackhawks, in which they actually wore that color back then, or is that just another "vintage white"? If the latter, then it makes it even more loony to have pure white in the logo.

The others look pretty nice - the Providence throwbacks are reminiscent of the Blackhawks throwbacks, albeit with less striping; Hershey's is a nice, clean look, and the Barons throwback isn't too bad, either. Personally, I like the 1976-77 NHL Barons jersey, with the Ohio number plate on the sleeves... I wouldn't mind seeing that unique style worked into a Blue Jackets jersey down the road!

Oct 18 · 12:01 PM PDT | Unregistered Commenterkyojikasshu

I'd kill to see a beautiful New Haven Nighthawks jersey in action again, even if it was the LA Kings' silver and black version and not the Rangers' red, white, and blue.

Oct 18 · 5:42 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterWalter Sobchak

Of course they would pay tribute to the city not the franchise isn't it ridicoulous when the Tennesee titans masqerade as the Houston Oilers. Or if the Phoenix Coyotes wore Jets jerseys or Colorado putting on Nordiques jerseys. That history belongs to that city not the franchise

Oct 18 · 6:39 PM PDT | Unregistered Commenterbrad

Gotta love the legendary Springfield Indians ran by Eddie Shore in the 1960s. It would be a punishment back then to get traded there. One of the roughest organizations of all time.

Oct 18 · 7:10 PM PDT | Unregistered CommenterAlex

Ah, yes, Eddie Shore and the Indians... famously written up by Don Cherry in his autobiography, where he referred to Shore as "the Darth Vader of hockey"!

Oct 19 · 8:03 PM PDT | Unregistered Commenterkyojikasshu

cool idea, mind you im always a sucker for retro uniforms

Oct 23 · 1:44 PM PDT | Unregistered Commentermark

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